Information for Authors
The aim of The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (IRRODL) is to disseminate scholarly information to academics and practitioners of open and distributed learning worldwide. Authors submit their manuscripts online by registering with this journal, logging in, clicking the “New Submission” link, and following the screen instructions through a five-step submission process. There are no article submission or access charges for publication in IRRODL. If you have trouble logging in to IRRODL’s site, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Submission topics must relate to open or distributed learning and may be placed in the Research Article section or a Notes sections.
- Research Articles must have a word count within 4000-7000 words, including all references, appendices, tables, and figures. Submissions that exceed this limit will not be accepted for review.
- Notes sections are normally below 4000 words.
- Literature reviews with analyses may be acceptable with a large number of references that exceed the word limit; however, they must be clearly labelled.
- Abstract (between 150-250 words) and Keywords (at least 4) must follow the title.
- Full author names and affiliations must be represented on the article and within the metadata, completed upon initial submission.
- Tables and figures are encouraged in articles and must be placed within the text.
- Footnotes are not accepted; however, endnotes can be included at the end of an article as appropriate.
- Supplemental files are not accepted. Any file that is attached to your submission will be deleted. If you would like to provide supplemental information other than in an Appendix, you may provide a link to an external website for readers to review, but this will not be reviewed or edited by IRRODL.
- APA6 article formatting style, referencing, and double-blind peer review requirements are strictly enforced. Failure to meet the submission guidelines satisfactorily will result in your article being rejected. Authors are expected to read and adhere to the submission guidelines in full. Failure to meet the submission guidelines satisfactorily will result in your article being rejected.
- By submitting to IRRODL, the authors agree to the submission of their article to TurnItIn for the purpose of detecting plagiarism OR confirming originality.
PREPARING FULL-PAPER (RESEARCH ARTICLE) MANUSCRIPTS
- A publishable paper should contain the following: Abstract (150-250 words, describing the research problem, the method, the basic findings, the conclusions, and the recommendations); Keywords (at least 4); Introduction (what is the problem?); Research method and/or theory used; If an application or experiment, a description of pool of subject, and how they were chosen; Analysis of research and how results impact theory and practice; Conclusion; and References.
Manuscripts must conform to APA 6th edition standard for both referencing and style. Authors are expected to consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.; 2010).
Follow the author-date method of citation in text. Ensure you provide page numbers for all direct quotes. Prepare an unnumbered reference list in alphabetical order by author. When there is more than one article by the same author(s), list the most recent paper first. References should include the names of all contributing authors. Ensure that all references are accurate and that any references cited in the text also appear in the reference section.
Authors may download the IRRODL submission guideline template to help ensure compliance with submission requirements.
Below are some examples of the basic reference list format:
Citing an Article in a Paper Periodical
Surname, A. A. (year). Article title. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), inclusive page numbers.
Grow, G. O. (1994). In defense of the staged self-directed learning model. Adult Education Quarterly, 44(2), 109-115.
Citing a Book
Surname, A. A. (year). Title of book. Publisher location: Publisher.
Rogers, E. (1962). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.
Citing an Edited Book
Surname, A.A. (year). Title of book. In Editor first initial, Editor last name (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher.
Ally, M. (2008). Foundations of educational theory for online learning. In T. Anderson (Ed.), The theory and practice of online learning (pp. 15-44). Edmonton, AB: AU Press.
Citing a Conference Proceeding
Surname, A. (year). Conference paper title. In Editor first initial, Editor last name (Ed.), Proceedings Book Title (pp. XX-XX). Place of Publication: Publisher.
Nawrot, I., & Doucet, A. (2014). Building engagement for MOOC students: Introducing support for time management on online learning platforms. In C. -W. Chung, A. Broder, K. Shim, & T. Suel (Eds.), Proceedings of the Companion Publication of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web (pp. 1077-1082). doi: 10.1145/2567948.2580054
Citing Online Sources
Surname, A. A., Surname, B. B., & Surname, C. C. (2000). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume number(issue number). DOI 10.1207/S15389286AJDE1604_2
Anderson, T. (2003). Getting the mix right again: An updated and theoretical rationale for interaction. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v4i2.149
Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from https://URL
Anderson, T. (2019, April 8). A systematic review of the equiv theory [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://virtualcanuck.ca/2019/04/08/a-systematic-review-of-the-equiv-theory/
Conference Proceeding – Paper
Author, A. (year). Title of paper. Paper presented at the Conference Title, place. Retrieved from URL
Alabbasi, D. (2016, April). WhatsApp, agency and education: The case of female Saudi teachers. Paper presented at the DEANZ Biennial Conference: Charting Flexible Pathways in Open and Distance Education, Hamilton, NZ. Retrieved from http://flanz.org.nz/conference-proceedings
Proceedings Published in Book Form
Author, A. (year). Title of paper. In Editor first initial, Editor surname (Ed.), Title of Published Proceedings which may include volume (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL
Ostashewski, N. & Henderson, S. (2017). Creating OER materials - Perspectives of global instructors. In J. Dron & S. Mishra (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 644-648). Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/181241/
Author, A. (year). Title of work (Report No. XX). Location: Publisher.
Coventry, L. (1995). Video conferencing in higher education (Research Report No. 262361293). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lynne_Coventry/publication/262361293_Video_conferencing_in_higher_education/links/54b3aa980cf26833efce9fe0.pdf
Author, A. (year). Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from URL
Xiao, M. (2007). An empirical study of using Internet-based desktop videoconferencing in an EFL setting (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://etd.ohiolink.edu/send-pdf.cgi/Xiao%20Mingli.pdf?acc_num=ohiou1194703859
For more information on citing sources, visit APA Style Help.
Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) for guidance on expression (including grammar and ways to reduce bias in language) and style (including punctuation, capitalization, headings, use of quotes, and italics, etc.). It is mandatory that authors adhere to APA6 style in full upon submission.
IRRODL accepts articles in English only. Submissions using International, British, or American English spelling are acceptable, but usage should be consistent throughout. Please use spell check for all submissions.
To abbreviate the name of an organization or agency, use capitals and no periods (e.g., YWCA). For first occurrence of an abbreviated word, provide the full name with the abbreviation following in parentheses. Once introduced in the body of the paper (not abstract), the abbreviation may be used throughout.
The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (IRRODL) is a refereed, open access, online journal that disseminates original research, theory, and best practices in open and distributed learning. IRRODL is free-of-charge and available to anyone with access to the Internet.
Manuscripts submitted for review and possible publication in IRRODL must be original material that has not been published nor submitted for review/publication elsewhere.
Publishing Previously Distributed Content
- Every article must maintain a high quality of scholarship, must not plagiarize the work of others, must be original and unpublished, and must contribute to the field of open and distributed education scholarship.Articles previously published or under review by another peer review commercial or scholarly publisher are not eligible for publication in IRRODL. Using large portions of an author’s previously published works is not permitted.
- Articles distributed as conference proceedings or self-published in blogs or institutional repositories should be substantially revised before submission. If your article is derived from a thesis or dissertation, please provide the name of the institution to which it was submitted, the date of the submission, the author(s), and the supervisor. (The editor may ask to review in detail the publication/distribution history of any work to make this determination).
- Articles that appeared in conference proceedings or were self-published should acknowledge this distribution history in an endnote. Authors submitting articles that were previously distributed should detail the rationale for review and publication by IRRODL in a note to the editor.
ESL/New Authors: If you are uncertain about whether your paper meets the standards required by a peer review journal, please seek advice and assistance from a professional agency or an editor, such as AuthorAid at http://www.authoraid.info/ (mentoring service free-of-charge) or American Journal Experts at http://www.journalexperts.com/ (fee-based editing, review, and translation service).
IRRODL features the following types of submission:
We accept Research Articles that feature theory, research, and/or best practice in open and distance learning. These articles are peer reviewed using a double-blind process. Word count for Research Articles is between 4000-7000 words, including references, appendix, and abstract, and is strictly enforced.
Articles that do not fit the scope of Research Articles are reviewed by the editors and may be featured as one of the following:
- Research Notes - reports of proposed and ongoing research projects or completed projects that are missing critical components (e.g., theoretical basis).
- Leadership Notes - relevant pieces focusing on leadership issues in distributed or open learning.
- Field Notes - shorter pieces describing innovative projects, applications, or interventions in distributed or open education programs.
- Technical Notes - pieces which feature, compare, or critique technical tools, innovation, or applications
IRRODL reserves a section for the scholarly review of current books that contribute to the literature of open and distributed education. The aim of our Book Reviews is to engage distance educators in sharing their perspectives about new publications that contribute to the advancement of distance education theory, research, and practice. While we normally invite specific reviews, we will consider unsolicited reviews. (Please feel free to send unsolicited reviews to the Book Reviews Editor.) Book reviews should be composed in the following manner:
Heading and signature
Book title, author name, location, publisher, date of publication, book edition, number of pages, and ISBN. Ensure that the name of reviewer and their institutional affiliation is included.
The review should begin with an introduction to the topic and an overview of the content of the book. What is your main point in presenting this review? Describe the background and qualifications of the author. Who is the author’s intended audience? What is the author’s purpose? What is the author’s main thesis?
What is the organization/structure of the book? How accurate and current is the information presented? How well does the development of the author’s thesis book draw on supporting ideas, arguments, documentation, and/or evidence? Does the evidence support the conclusions?
Assessment of significance to the field of distance education theory, research, and/or practice
How current is the information presented? How effective is the author’s method of developing the information? What is your assessment of the book’s major strengths and weaknesses? How does it compare with other works on the same subject? Does the book make a meaningful contribution to the literature of distance education theory, research, and/or best practice?
What are your overall comments and conclusions about the book? Why or why not would you recommend the book to others? What is your overall assessment of the book?
Additional points (re: mechanics)
Provide support for your statements about the book in the form of examples. Are there any noteworthy statements or wording quotations you could cite to illustrate various points in your review? When quoting from the book, add the page number in parentheses immediately following the quote. Do not exceed 1000-1500 words.