Towards Quality Assurance in MOOCs: A Comprehensive Review and Micro-Level Framework


  • Hanane Sebbaq RIME Team, MASI Laboratory, E3S Research Center, Mohammadia School of Engineers (EMI), Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
  • Nour-eddine El Faddouli RIME Team, MASI Laboratory, E3S Research Center, Mohammadia School of Engineers (EMI), Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco



MOOC quality, quality assurance, pedagogical quality framework, MOOC success factors


MOOCs (massive open online courses), because of their scale and accessibility, have become a major area of interest in contemporary education. However, despite their growing popularity, the question of their quality remains a central concern, partly due to the lack of consensus on the criteria establishing such quality. This study set out to fill this gap by carrying out a systematic review of the existing literature on MOOC quality and proposing a specific quality assurance framework at a micro level. The methodology employed in this research consisted of a careful analysis of MOOC success factor’s using Biggs’ classification scheme, conducted over a four-year period from 2018 to 2022. The results highlighted the compelling need to consider various indicators across presage, process, and product variables when designing and evaluating MOOCs. This implied paying particular attention to pedagogical quality, both from the learner’s and the teacher’s point of view. The quality framework thus developed is of significant importance. It offers valuable guidance to MOOC designers, learners, and researchers, providing them with an in-depth understanding of the key elements contributing to MOOC quality and facilitating their continuous improvement. In addition, this study highlighted the need to address aspects for future research, including large-scale automated evaluation of MOOCs. By focusing on pedagogical quality, MOOCs can play a vital role in providing meaningful learning experiences, maximizing learner satisfaction, and ensuring their success as innovative educational systems adapted to the changing needs of contemporary education.


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How to Cite

Sebbaq, H., & El Faddouli, N.- eddine. (2024). Towards Quality Assurance in MOOCs: A Comprehensive Review and Micro-Level Framework. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 25(1), 1–23.



Research Articles