Predicting Online Learning Success Based on Learners’ Perceptions: The Integration of the Information System Success Model and the Security Triangle Framework


  • Ahmed Al-Azawei College of Information Technology, University of Babylon, Hillah, Iraq
  • Alharith A. Abdullah University of Babylon, Hillah, Iraq
  • Mahmood K. Mohammed Al-Qasim Green University, Hillah, Iraq
  • Zaid A. Abod Al-Qasim Green University, Hillah, Iraq



online learning, Delone and McLean's information system success model, security triangle framework, higher education


Although online learning has become ubiquitous worldwide, earlier research has neglected the relationship between its actual use and security concerns. Learners’ lack of security awareness while using learning technologies remains rarely studied. This paper integrates Delone and McLean’s information system success (D&M-ISS) model with the security triangle framework. Data from 2,451 higher education students at different universities and a wide variety of disciplines in Iraq were collected. In addition to the effectiveness of the D&M-ISS factors, the research findings based on the structural equation model suggest that the three constructs of the security triangle framework—namely, confidentiality, integrity, and availability—were significant predictors of students’ use of online learning. This research can thus help academic organizations understand factors that can lead to the successful implementation of online learning and learners’ security awareness.


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How to Cite

Al-Azawei, A., Abdullah, A. A., Mohammed, M. K., & Abod, Z. A. (2023). Predicting Online Learning Success Based on Learners’ Perceptions: The Integration of the Information System Success Model and the Security Triangle Framework. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 24(2), 72–95.



Research Articles