Evaluation of Online Log Variables that Estimate Learners’ Time Management in a Korean Online Learning Context


  • Il-Hyun Jo Ewha Womans University
  • Yeonjeong Park Ewha Womans University
  • Meehyun Yoon University of Georgia
  • Hanall Sung Ewha Womans University




log variables, time management, online learning, structural equation model


The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the psychological variables and online behavioral patterns of students, collected through a Learning Management System (LMS). Test was attempted of a structural equation model representing the relationships among Time and Study Environment Management (TSEM), one of the sub-constructs of MSLQ, influencing a set of time-related online log variables: login frequency, login regularity, and total login time. Data were collected from 188 college students in a Korean university. Employing structural equation modeling, a hypothesized model was tested for measuring the model fit. The results presented a criterion validity of online log variables to estimate their time management.  The structural model including TSEM, online variable, and final score with a moderate fit indicated that learners’ time related online behavior mediates their psychological functions and their learning outcome. Based on the results, the final discussion includes the recommendations for further study and the meaningfulness in regard to the expantion of  Learning Analtyics for Performance and Action (LAPA) model.

Author Biography

Yeonjeong Park, Ewha Womans University

Yeonjeong Park is Research Professor in the Department of Educational Technology at the Ewha Womans University, South Korea. After completing her Ph.D. in Instructional Design and Technology at the Virginia Tech in the USA, she worked as HR Strategic Consultant in Samsung SDS. She has published several articles on social theories of learning, educational data mining, and emerging technologies in education and training.



How to Cite

Jo, I.-H., Park, Y., Yoon, M., & Sung, H. (2016). Evaluation of Online Log Variables that Estimate Learners’ Time Management in a Korean Online Learning Context. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v17i1.2176