Leader-member exchange theory in higher and distance education


  • Robert Leo Power College of the North Atlantic-Qatar




distance education, higher education, Leader Member Exchange Theory, leadership, LMX, open and distance learning, social identity theory of leadership


Unlike many other prominent leadership theories, leader-member exchange (LMX) theory does not focus on the specific characteristics of an effective organizational leader. Rather, LMX focuses on the nature and quality of the relationships between a leader and his or her individual subordinates. The ideal is for a leader to develop as many high-quality relationships as possible. This will lead to increases in subordinates’ sense of job satisfaction and organizational citizenship, as well as to increased productivity and attainment of organizational goals. LMX has been criticized for its potential to alienate some subordinates, failing to account for the effects of group dynamics and social identity, and failing to provide specific advice on how leaders can develop high-quality relationships. However, LMX has been heralded as an important leadership theory in higher and distance educational contexts because of its emphasis on promoting autonomy and citizenship, as well as its ability to complement and mediate transformational leadership styles. Recent authors have attempted to provide specific advice for leaders who want to learn how to build and capitalize on the high-quality relationships described by LMX theory.

Author Biography

Robert Leo Power, College of the North Atlantic-Qatar

Information Technology Instructor and ICDL Training & Testing Centre Coordinator, College of the North Atlantic-Qatar; Project Manager, mLarn 2013 (http://tinyurl.com/mlearn13); EdD Student, Athabasca University



How to Cite

Power, R. L. (2013). Leader-member exchange theory in higher and distance education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 14(4). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v14i4.1582



Notes From Leadership in Open and Distance Learning