de Waard, Inge, Sean Abajian, Michael Gallagher, Rebecca Hogue, Nilgün Keskin, Apostolos Koutropoulos, and Osvaldo Rodriguez. 2011. “Using MLearning and MOOCs to Understand Chaos, Emergence, and Complexity in Education”. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 12 (7), 94-115. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v12i7.1046.