Community of Inquiry Framework: Validation and instrument development

  • Ben Arbaugh
  • Marti Cleveland-Innes
  • Sebastian Diaz
  • Randy Garrison
  • Phil Ice
  • Jennifer Richardson
  • Peter Shea
  • Karen Swan
Published
2008-06-30
How to Cite
Arbaugh, B., Cleveland-Innes, M., Diaz, S., Garrison, R., Ice, P., Richardson, J., Shea, P., & Swan, K. (2008). Community of Inquiry Framework: Validation and instrument development. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v9i2.573
Section
CIDER Notes